• The
    Vineyard

 

The Château du Rouët is situated , at the foot of the red rock mountains, which are part of the Estérel mountain- range, nearby the Roman town of Fréjus.

Since its origin, the Vineyard, which has been established in fire- trenches, has contributed to the protection of the surrounding forest and is situated in an exceptional site.

The vines set between the Gorges de Pennafort and The Gorges du Blavet, are spread out on 70 hectares of preserved area, classed as Natura 2000.Surrounded by a remarkable forest of sequoias, cedars, palm trees, bambus, cork oaks and pine trees, the essence of the mediterranean forest, the vines are planted in fire trenches.

This vineyard is situated on a permian substratum of sandstone, which is covered with the fallen rocks of permian rhyolites or alluviums, generally of local origine. The vines are oriented towards the South and benefit of the Mistral as well as the breeze from the seaside. A few hectares of noble varietals are being planted. The soil, red sandstone from the permian period, acidic, volcanic (rhyolite), is the archetype of the "Terroir de Fréjus".

The terroir called "La Péguière of Victor" and the "Y", are part of the alluvium plane of the Paléo-Endre. This river draining the basin upstream the present Endre, crossed the massif Rouët through the Vallée Morte at the west of the estate.

During the Quaternary, a partial surrection of the Massif due to the Alpin fold deverted the flow of the water towards the present valley.

This genesis of the soil of the Rouët explains the presence of four types of soils:

  • Shallow soils, essentially sandy resting on sandstone.
  • Deep, sandy and acidic soils of gravel composed of granite and rhyolites. Among this gravel, some pebbles have been covered by tracks of cooking by lava.
  • Sandy deep soils, containing some limestone in the alluvial valley of Paléo-Endre.
  • Clayey, yellow deep soils with blocks and angular gravel of rhyolites; they correspond to the masses of fallen rocks of the massif of Rouët. The clayey part of these soils results from the chemical change of permienne rhyolites.